Corporate Governance

Corporate governance is the system of rules, practices and processes by which a firm is directed and controlled. Corporate governance essentially involves balancing the interests of a company’s many stakeholders, such as shareholders, management, customers, suppliers, financiers, government and the community. Since corporate governance also provides the framework for attaining a company’s objectives, it encompasses practically every sphere of management, from action plans and internal controls to performance measurement and corporate disclosure. Providing assistance in audits, Finalizing Balance sheets and Reports, etc.

Services Include

a. Name Change

The name of a company or LLP can be changed by the promoters at anytime after incorporation. Some of the major reasons for change of company name are business model change, change of promoters, rebranding, etc., To change the name of a company, shareholders approval is required along with approval from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The change of name of a company or LLP however has no impact on the legal entity or its existence. Hence, all assets and liabilities of the entity would continue, while only the name of the company would have been changed.

 

b. Registered Office Address

The name of a company or LLP can be changed by the promoters at anytime after incorporation. Some of the major reasons for change of company name are business model change, change of promoters, rebranding, etc., To change the name of a company, shareholders approval is required along with approval from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The change of name of a company or LLP however has no impact on the legal entity or its existence. Hence, all assets and liabilities of the entity would continue, while only the name of the company would have been changed.

 

c. Addition of Director

Director of a company is a person elected by the shareholders for managing the affairs of the company as per the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the company. Since a company is an artificial judicial person created by law, it can only act through the agency of natural persons. Thus, only living persons can be Directors of a company and the management of a company is entrusted to the Board of Directors. Appointment of Directors can be required for a company from time to time based on the requirements of the shareholders of the business.

 

d. Remove Director

Director of a company is a person elected by the shareholders for managing the affairs of the company as per the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the company. Director in a company may need to resign or the Board of Directors or Shareholders may want to remove a Director for any reasons. In such cases, a Director can resign or be removed by filing the intimation of change of Director with MCA.

 

e. Increase Authorised Share Capital

The authorised capital of a Company determines the number of shares a Company can issue to its shareholders. An increase in authorized capital might be required for issuing new shares and/or inducting more capital into the Company. The initial authorised capital of the Company is mentioned in the Memorandum of Association of the Company and is usually Rs. 1 lakh. The authorised capital can be increased by the company at anytime with shareholders approval and by paying additional fee to the Registrar of Companies.

 

f. MOA Amendment

Memorandum of Association of a Company sets down the constitution of a company including the permitted range of activities of the company, state of incorporation, type of company, capital clause, liability clause and more. Changes to Memorandum of Association of a company can be required while changing name of a company, changing registered office from state to state. alteration of objects clause, alteration of capital clause or increase of authorised capital. Changes to the Memorandum of Association of a company would require the passing of a special resolution and shareholders consent.

 

g. Add Partner

Partners in a LLP are responsible for the carrying on the business of the LLP. To add a Partner to a LLP, the person proposing to become a Partner must obtain a digital signature certificate (DSC) and director identification number (DIN). DIN can be obtained for any person who is above the age of 18. The nationality or residency status of the DIN applicant does not matters. Hence, Indian Nationals, Non-Resident Indians and Foreign Nationals can obtain DIN and be appointed as Partner of a LLP in India.

 

h. Winding of Company

A private limited company is an artificial judicial person and requires various compliances like appointment of Auditor, regular filing of income tax return, annual return filing and more. Failing to maintain compliance for a Company could result in fines and/or disqualification of the Directors from incorporating another Company. Therefore, if a private limited company has become inactive and there are no transactions in the company, then it is best to wind up the Company.

 

i. Winding of LLP

A LLP winding up can be initiated voluntarily or by striking off or by a Tribunal. If a LLP is to initiate winding up voluntarily, then the LLP must pass a resolution to wind up the LLP with approval of at least three-fourths of the total number of Partners. If the LLP has lender’s, secured or unsecured, then the approval of the lenders would also be required for winding up of the LLP.

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